Type 2 diabetes impairs the way your body produces and uses sugar, resulting in too much sugar in your bloodstream. This can lead to a variety of other issues if not managed properly.
Unfortunately, symptoms may not start to appear until after the disease has progressed and caused damage.
According to the Mayo Clinic, less than 1 in 5 women with prediabetes are aware they have it.
Signs of Type 2 diabetes include:
Numbness & Tingling in the Extremities
It is also noted that women can experience diabetes complications differently than men. According to womenshealth.gov, women have a 27% higher risk for stroke and 40% higher risk for coronary heart disease. For women Type 2 diabetes symptoms can also include:
Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome
Urinary Tract/ Bladder Infections
One of the key ways to prevent and manage Type 2 diabetes is to focus on lifestyle changes. Regular physical activity, a healthy diet, and a consistent sleep schedule are essential. It's also important to stay ahead of problems by visiting your doctor for screening tests.
One thing that many patients find helpful is planning out meals and snacks ahead of time. This reduces the temptation to grab something unhealthy when you're hungry and makes managing your diabetes less of a chore.
A comprehensive diabetes meal plan includes:
Non-starchy vegetables (broccoli, spinach, and green beans)
Heart-healthy fats (olive oil, avocados, flaxseeds, and nuts)
Protein-rich foods (skinless poultry, fish, lean cuts of red meat, and tofu)
Fewer sugars and refined grains (white bread, rice, and pasta)
Fewer processed foods (microwavable meals, processed meats, and chips)
While there is no cure for Type 2 diabetes, there are many steps you can take to manage it. If you think you may be at risk for Type 2 diabetes, talk to your doctor to determine the best screening test.